The Completely Versatile Draw Stroke Chapter 16

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

There is no doubt in my mind on the importance of the “default”, two-handed, high pectoral, linear draw stroke. I have spent tens of thousands of hours on this skill…..with every minute being well worth the time.

As I have progressed in my skill sets and knowledge base, I have also seen the importance of something more well-rounded and completely versatile. In my observations of dash camera video, lethal encounters, FOF encounters, and my experience on the streets it has always been clear to me that people may not always be able to get to their default draw stroke. As a matter of fact, that it may be a very bad idea trying to use the default draw stroke in many situations. The reason for this is that there is a need to square up to the threat. By squaring up you may have had to adjust the direction of your movement and stopped to plant yourself on the X or in the kill zone. In a reactive situation, adjusting or stopping the direction of your movement could be a very bad idea. Your displacement off of the line of attack is negatively affected by this adjustment for squaring up.

It is my opinion that accepting your momentum and continuing in the general direction of your movement, possibly in an explosive manner, and then drawing directly to the threat is a much more efficient and effective tactic. This is very much like drawing directly to the threat while seated in a car. We all know that this will cover our legs, but in a truly life threatening reactive situation, your body will choose the fastest way to align your firearm onto the threat. The very same concept should be applied to your draw stroke and the corresponding direction of movement while we engage.

It is my opinion that a completely versatile draw stroke should be added to a well ingrained default draw stroke. One should be able to draw directly to the threat no matter what “clock position” the adversary is at, without squaring up, or dramatically adjusting the direction of your movement. As we break away from the slavery of the default draw stroke, we begin to see the absolute need for a well refined one-handed draw stroke. My two-handed draw stroke (right-handed) covers my 6:00 (think modified grip from last chapter) all the way around to my approximate 2:00. My one-handed draw stroke covers the rest. That is eight positions on the clock two-handed and four positions on the clock one-handed, which is very significant and relatively closed to being of equal importance.

As we add the completely versatile draw stroke, we will immediately see the benefits to this in regards to getting off of the X, especially in a dynamic fashion. The fastest way possible to get off the X is by exploding forward, the general direction that the toes are pointed (from the 10:00 to the 2:00.) If you have “walked” into a bad situation, this is even more obvious. The continuation of your forward movement makes the explosive move out of the kill zone even more effective and efficient. To not use that momentum to your advantage could be a very bad idea.

As I have said before, the height and the extension of the gun will depend on a number of factors, proximity of the threat, urgency of the shot, position in the reactionary curve, need for retention properties, chaos of the encounter, type of terrain/obstacles, user’s skill level, and tactical considerations. The completely versatile draw stroke also takes in the consideration of these factors. Not only should you be able to engage to every position on the clock, you should be able to do it throughout the various levels of extension of your completely versatile draw stroke….one handed and two.

You have all seen me preach about “being able to make solid hits, from any position, from any angle, anywhere throughout your draw stroke, with what ever movement that is necessary.” The completely versatile draw stroke is a significant part of that concept. And from what I have seen in during my observations…. a very important part of that concept.

The completely versatile draw stroke is just one part of the “Dynamic Movement Draw Stroke.” While working with the concept of “drawing directly to the threat,” it is nice to notice that the square range training of the concept, for purely safety reasons, is actually the best way to do it in the real world. That fact does not happen very often, but it does so here. As we look at drawing directly to the threat on a firing line, we need to understand that “directly” cuts out any sort of swinging of the arm horizontally that may cover somebody that is on the firing line or outside of the direct path to the targeted area. What we do and what is best for the square range and the real world is draw directly to the threat in a direct horizontal and linear manner.

If we look at drawing directly to your 9:00, that means that the gun is pointed at the ground as it comes out of the holster and across your body. It is then rotated vertically to the 9:00 and then driven horizontally out in a linear manner. The orientation of the gun is never off of the 9:00 path and that path is from the area around your feet and directly up/out to the threat. With dynamic movement this may cover your legs, but they are covered whenever you come in or out of the holster. That is the reality of the situation whenever you draw directly to the threat (especially with dynamic movement and when you are seated.) Have solidly ingrained trigger finger discipline and it will not be an issue.

So, we obviously see that this is very good on the firing line. The question is why is it good in the real world?

Horizontal swinging of a firearm under stress is always a risky maneuver. Under stress and during an adrenaline dump you have the obvious risk of over travel past your intended targeted area. You also have the problem with the “tuning fork” effect as you try to stop the momentum of your swing. If we use our completely versatile draw stroke in the same “linear” manner as our default draw stroke, we are much more likely to hit what we are aiming at. Draw directly to the threat using straight lines, drive the gun directly to the threat on those same straight line, all while using a perfect balance of speed and control.

Being a Slave Too Your Grip Chapter 15

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

Back in 2005, when I first started teaching dynamic movement to every direction on the clock, I would often witness the same thing over and over again, within a certain cross-section of the students. We would be moving to the right rearward oblique (the 5:00) and the right-handed students would inevitable end up in a back pedal. It was odd, I simply could not figure out why they kept doing it, and no matter how many times I would demo it easily and successfully, they would still end up back peddling.

I was teaching a course in Georgia and a very squared away student and friend was running the drill and he kept back peddling. Since he was also an Instructor, I felt as if this was the point that I had to figure out why this phenomenon kept happening. I had him run it over and over again trying to see what he was doing. Finally, it dawned on me that I was analyzing the wrong person. The correct question is not “what is he doing?” The correct question is “what am I doing that he is not doing?”  So, I had the class gather around to analyze what I was doing. As so as I put the training gun in my hands to walk through the drill, it dawned on me like a bolt of lightning. There I was staring at this grip on my handgun that I had never even realized that I was using. Here we were, thinking the back peddling problem was a footwork problem and all along it was a grip problem.

Finally, I figured out what the difference between what I was doing and what they were doing.

I tend to be very fluid, I accept very few hard rules, and I am very comfortable just doing whatever needs to be done to get the job done. Within this fluidity, I found that I would alter my grip on the gun to relieve tension in my body. By relieving this tension, I never felt the need to unwind from it and back pedal. I found that the students that were having a problem with back peddling did not know that they could alter their grip. They had one grip and they were slaves to that one grip. This left them in a position where they had no choice but to unwind the body and back peddle inside of the designed drill.

As soon as I figured out the problem I started looking at what I was doing. I was adjusting the support side hand into a Center Axis Relock (CAR) like grip. I had never been trained in CAR. but I had seen demos on the internet before. As soon as I diagnosed the problem and began teaching this modified grip, the back peddling went away. This epiphany came out of no where in Georgia and is now a permanent part of the curriculum. I also teach it as a “defense against car jacking grip” from the driver’s seat to the 9:00 through the 7:00.

Do not be a slave to your grip. You can make the hits with some pretty major adjustments on the support side hand.

Understanding the Fluidity of the Grip

We can post videos and pictures, but they do not portray the fluidity of the grip that I am talking about. Once again it is not a “this or that” type of technique it is one fluid concept. If you would like to understand what I am trying to convey, check this out “dry.”

1) Unload your handgun and verify unloaded.

2) For a right-handed shooter, point in to your 12:00 with a standard two-handed grip.

3) Now with as little pivot of the feet or the waist as possible slowly start bringing the gun around counter clock wise towards the 7:00.

4) Keep you support side hand fluid and let it slip around the firing side fingers that are on the front strap.

5) As you do this, the gun will continually move close and closer to your face, until you are in a full CAR like modified grip, with the gun about six inches from your face, pointed in at your 7:00.

The Dynamic Movement Concept is Just One Concept! Chapter 14

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

I have spoken often about the genius of the old timers combat crouch. The more that I work with movement, the more that I realize that everything that I do with movement is based on the concept of the combat crouch.

The combat crouch is nothing more than an athletic based, movement platform. The exact same concept as the dynamic movement platform, the controlled movement platform (the Groucho,) directional changes (cutbacks,) and a dynamic movement take off. I have still photos of me doing all of these techniques……..they all look just like the combat crouch.

This is one fluid concept, not a number of different techniques. It is so simple that a caveman can do it.

The whole concept is based on acquiring a lowered base and an athletic movement based platform out of a neutral standing position or neutral walking platform. The dropping of the hind quarters (lowered base), the bending of the knees, and the pointing the toes the direction that we are headed are all things that the worlds best athletes do to facilitate dynamic movement. This lowered base also works within our physiological desire to make ourselves a smaller target when incoming fire is part of the equation.

As I look at my reality, in an effort to proceed through life, it is plain to see that I will most likely be responding from a neutral walking platform. The ability to see trouble, as I am in my neutral walking platform, and to have the ability to instantaneously drop into an athletic platform, out of nothing more than a startled response, and to explode off of the X, is an an essential skill set to own. This move is the exact same move that we see in controlled movement, dynamic movement, and directional change.

We should all own the ability to fluidly accomplish the following;

• From standing, to dropping into a dynamic take off, and accelerating to every position on the clock
• From walking, to dropping into a dynamic take off, and accelerating to every position on the clock
• From dynamic movement, to dropping into a dynamic directional change and accelerating to every position on the forward clock

All of it is the exact same concept! Just as we see in athletic event after athletic event.

Which Way Do I Go? Chapter 13

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

As we look at the movement concept, we are constantly asked this same question over and over again. The only answer that covers all of the bases is that we need to be able to fight in every direction on the clock. Even within this versatility, we need to prioritize our movement to “the most likely” and “the most efficient and effective.” This all has to be looked at through “the balance to hit and not be hit.” Everyone wants a bumper sticker size answer to all things tactical, but the only way that is possible is when the bumper sticker says “It depends.”

There are many factors to consider when you look at the best direction to go for any specific situation.

  • The distance
  • The urgency
  • The environment (including obstacles)
  • The type of threat and weapon being deployed against you
  • The available cover
  • The exit of the fight
  • The retention issue
  • Your mission
  • You personal attributes
  • Your personal strengths and weaknesses
  • Your subconscious level “fight or flight” response
  • Your mindset

As you can see, setting any limitations on the direction that you train to move could be a very bad idea. We need to train in all directions, all while using our prioritization.

As for a common sense prioritization, Fight Focused Concept (FFC) really prefers the movement toward the forward oblique’s (10:30 and 1:30.) This gives us the very most angular displacement that we are giving our adversary to deal with, which makes it harder for the adversary to hit us, while giving us a direction that makes it very easy for us to make the hits on them. Another priority direction that has been brought back from the combat proven skill sets of the “old timers” is aggressively advancing (12:00.) This direction has a very long history of success. These successes are being rediscovered now that we are back at war. This direction really gets inside of the adversary’s head, it messes with his OODA loop, and often puts him in a panic mode. This all comes down to doing the unexpected and the application of increasing pressure. Most of the forward movement skill sets give us the ability to perform the “increasingly accurate marksmanship” phenomenon, as we close the distance.

Rearward oblique movement (4:30 and 7:30) is a slightly lower priority direction, yet is still an essential skill set, especially against edge and blunt weapons. Rearward oblique movement can be a very dynamic as long as you get your hips around and point your toes (as much as is comfortable) the direction that you are headed. Back peddling is something that you should try to mitigate as much as possible, when it is up close and down and dirty. Back peddling is slow and does not facilitate the use of directional changes as well as “turret of the tank” concepts. Back peddling can take on a more prevalent role when the immediate threat is low and the distance and the difficulty of the shot demands a more stable/squared up shooting platform. Quality rearward movement skills are dependent on quality one-handed shooting skills or the knowledge to never become a slave to your two-handed grip through the use of a modified grip. You must be fluid with your two-handed grip while moving rearward, towards your 4:30 (if you are right-handed).

Lateral movement (9:00 and 3:00) is a decent direction and needs to be trained. But, we must remember that the angular displacement is not of the comparable degree as the forward obliques. It also does not give us the “increasingly accurate marksmanship” phenomenon. This direction of movement is much more about being able to fight to cover or the exit of the fight.

Rearward movement (6:00) is a very low priority direction because it never gets you off of the line of attack and does very little to help you inside of “the balance to hit and to not be hit.”

As the “which way do I go” questions get answered, one more question that is always bound to be asked. “Which direction makes it harder for the adversary to track me?” The common answer is that moving to the back side of his gun hand, makes it harder for him to track you. I am of the mind that I do not know for sure……nor do I care what the adversary is capable of. All I know…..or care about is what I am capable of. My goal is to make the adversary fight my fight, to leave him in the position where he is responding to my strengths…..not me guessing about his strengths. If I am working the forward oblique’s and the distance leads to a retention problem, I am going to my right. The cross body aiming of my modified grip, out of moving to my right gives me excellent retention properties. If I have some distance while working the same forward oblique’s, I going to move to my left. The visual input out of the “point shoulder” aiming method is something that my body just loves. I know that I am fast and accurate and the solid body mechanics facilitates extreme dynamic movement. I am going to work with what is known, as fact. I am not going to guess what someone else is capable of. I want to make them fight my fight.

The bottom line is that it is a very good idea to “train for the worst and hope for the best.” You never know what the dynamics of the fight are going to be. It is the wise man who trains himself to be well-rounded as possible in order to cover as many bases as he can. Training in just one response will make you a “flat sided” fighter. Flat sided fighters can not adapt to varying tactics, if you can not adapt, you will not overcome. But, to the very same degree, movement must have purpose. Moving for the sake of moving is not wise at all. Movement must give you a tactical advantage. If you can dominant the encounter with fast and accurate stand and deliver skills, then that may just be the very best way to go.

“Pay Attention, Your Body will Figure it Out” Chapter 12

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

As I prove to my students the usefulness of the support side arm when it comes to dynamic movement, the question of how it is used is always raised. What I have found is that the exact body mechanics is dictated by the dynamics, direction, and type of movement.

Once again if we look at the term “pay attention” (keep the goal in the fore front) we have a very specific mission. My mission is to achieve and maintain a consistent index on the targeted area….no matter what the rest of my body is doing or what the adversary is doing. This consistent index can be achieved and maintained throughout a full spectrum of movement, directional changes, height changes, and speed changes. You can shoot throughout your/your adversaries movement, with zero time periods to re-index. This extreme fluidity is absolutely possible. My students learn to shoot throughout their directional changes….no matter how extreme those directional changes are.


The extreme fluidity of this consistent index is not a one-dimensional skill set. It is an ability that is facilitated by the entirety of the body. The up and down shock on the gun is mitigated by a rapid turnover of the footwork out of a lowered base (do not confuse this with the Groucho, it is much more dynamic and fast) and the firing shoulder is being used as a buffer (for lack of a better term.) The side to side movement of the gun is mitigated with efficient footwork that is linear and the use of the support side arm as a counter balance/stabilizing force. While the gun is out at extension, the support side arm counters balances and stabilizes everything that is happening to that gun during the mitigated pounding, the side to side shock of dynamic movement, and extreme angular changes of your directional changes. The natural use of the support side arm allows for the achieving and maintaining of the consistent index as much as is humanly possible. The eyes lock on to the adversary’s focal point and the index of the gun fluidly follows it.

This is simply how the human body works!

Look at any athletic endeavor…. the arms work in concert with each other for the most effective and efficient solution to the required mission.IMG_1035

What is the required mission?

“Consistent index” no matter what the rest of your body is doing or what the adversary is doing.

How do you achieve this consistent index?

“Pay attention and your body will figure it out.”

Sometimes the support side arm is used in a very predominant manner….sometimes the support side arm is used in a minimalistic manner. It all depends on the dynamics of the movement.

The Value of One Handed Skill Sets and Dynamic Movement, Chapter 11

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

If you can not hit the targeted area, just about as well with one hand as you can with two, this weakness will cause severe limitations inside of your dynamic movement skill set. It is my opinion that there is no better way in the world to bring your one-handed skill sets up to a very high level, in a very short amount of time, than the study of the Fairbairn, Sykes, and Applegate point shooting methods. I consider these methods far superior to anything else that I have ever seen, due to the fact that many of my students spend only a half of a day on the skill set, and they are able to reach skill levels that begin to rival their two-handed skill levels. This is a missing link that so many do not have when they try to judge shooting one-handed with dynamic movement. Without the knowledge and the skills the phrase “you cannot get there from here” rings true more often than not. If you have good one-handed skills, these skills really shine inside the “dynamic” portion of the movement continuum.


The support side arm and hand can also be used to help facilitate the following;

  • Fending
  • Striking
  • Blocking
  • Parrying
  • Using other tools (flashlight, asp)
  • Manipulating the environmentLLPGFMarch5-62011153[1]
  • Guiding loved ones or those under your protection
  • Help facilitate balance
  • Help facilitate the speed of your dynamic movement
  • Help facilitate explosive move off of the X
  • Help facilitate the application of a cutback or directional changes
  • Help facilitate the tactile ability to maneuver around or through something when you are threat focused
  • To counter balance and help stabilize your one-handed shooting platform

LLPGF March 5-6, 2011 167On the counter balance and stabilizing force, this is the same principle as the way a Cougar uses its tail when it is moving dynamically. The support side arm is used in a natural manner to counter balance the extended handgun. It also stabilizes the handgun from the rolling of the shoulders and the slight twisting of the body, that you get while you are running. It also mitigates the bouncing that comes from the impact of the feet hitting the ground. The use of the support side arm in this manner helps facilitate a more “consistent index” during your dynamic movement by “floating” the handgun. At logical distances this consistent index is so reliable that you can work the trigger as fast as you can with no need to verify that you are indexed on target in between your shots, with sight verification. This is very helpful when you are behind in the reactionary curve and are fighting to take back the lost initiative.

One handed skills are a must for those that want to be well-rounded and versatile. Do not limit yourself to just using this very important asset, for nothing more than supporting a firing position.

Five Elements of Accurate Shooting with Dynamic Movement, Chapter 10

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

There are five elements that I have identified that helps facilitate being able to make hits with a handgun combined with dynamic movement. They are quite simple and I am very surprised that before this, they had not been identified or written out. My definition of accurate is that of the same context of combat accuracy inside of a truly reactive situation, that of being inside of the upper thoracic cavity

When you are working to accomplish something that nearly everyone else believes to be impossible, it may be best to start with a clean slate. Forget about your preconceived notions, the status quo, and clear everything off of the table, so you can start to build from the newest of foundations.

Anytime that you have two hands on the gun while you are moving dynamically, the body mechanics of this will make the handgun bounce more and move side to side more….like a big infinity symbol. With one hand, the gun can “float” better due to not being tied together at the end and there is 50% less negative shock input coming from the two separate sides of the body. You will be able to index on to the targeted area in a much more reliable fashion. The added benefit of the support side arm working as counter balance and stabilizer is another huge asset that must be identified.

To test this, give this a try. From fifteen yards with a two-handed grip, bring the handgun up to the line of sight, and focus hard on the front sight. Now run (and I mean run) towards the target and take note of the amount of movement across the targeted area (infinity pattern). Now try it with one hand with the support side arm held at the chest, note the movement across the targeted area. Try it again with one hand, with the support side arm used to facilitate a smoothing out the firing side arm. Use the support side arm as a stabilizing tool, to help with the balance and the consistent index, much like a rudder of a boat. How you use the arm is dependent on the situation, but remember this quote from Brian Enos, “just pay attention and your body will figure it out.” What we are paying attention is the consistent index. Do whatever you need to do to stay consistently on the targeted area

You will see that your handgun may have significantly less movement across the targeted area. So much so, that you are consistently indexed on to the targeted area at logical distances, all while running. This consistent index moves you past the point where you need to slow down your movement or seek constant sight alignment verification. You can now work the trigger at a speed that is relative to the distance and you will make the hits at those logical distances.IMG_2535

The five elements are as follows.

(1) Absolute confidence in your point shooting skills. You must have solid point shooting skills down to a subconsciously competent level.

(2) One handed shooting skills that rival your two-handed shooting skills. You must be able to shoot very well one-handed. Two handed shooting on the run is not nearly as effective or efficient as one-handed shooting in many circumstances. This is something that is easily proven with the testAPSPReno155[1] above.

(3) A movement based platform that is designed to let you move very quickly (much faster than any form of controlled movement that you may have learned in the past) while mitigating the amount of movement of the gun across the targeted area. The lowered base, the quick turn over, the rolling of the heel/toe, and the elimination of striding or jogging all add up to an efficient and effective movement that helps with the consistent index

(4) Elimination of negative visual input. The gun should not be in your line of sight. You should not be able to see the sight alignment. You should only be able to verify that you are indexed on to the targeted area by looking over the top and aligning down of the top of the slide. Having the negative visual input of the gun moving in front of your eyes will slow down your speed on the trigger, your speed of movement and make you hesitate. You need to trust your point shooting skills and know that you are consistently indexed and work that trigger as fast as the situation will allow.

APSPReno041[1](5) The ability to use the support side hand and arm in a natural manner to stabilize the firing side hand. The support side arm swinging in a manner that counter balances and stabilizes the handgun is a very natural ability. Concentrate on stabilizing the handgun, understand that your support side arm is a key factor in that regard, and do as Brian Enos says “Pay attention and your body will figure it out.” This works very much the same way that a cougar uses its tail to stabilize and counter balance its dynamic movement. Same exact concept!

These are the five concepts that I teach inside of all of my Point Shooting Concepts courses. The application of these concepts, over the last nine years, has allowed my student base to do what most people believe to be impossible.

An Inclusive Approach to Movement, Chapter 9

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

Inside the fight continuum there are a number of other continuum’s or concepts. There is a reactionary concept, the take off concept, the movement concept, the retention concept, the draw stroke concept, the sight concept, and the grip and trigger concept.

React as you need to react, take off as the need to take off, move as you need to move, draw as you need to draw, deal with the retention problem as you need to deal with the retention problem, see what you need to see, and work your grip and trigger as you need to work them……. within the context of the specifics of the fight. This is very straight forward and simple, yet each of these are intertwined. Each works in conjunction with the other and each has an effect on the other. The dynamics of the fight will be dictated by your position in the reactionary curve, the proximity of the threat, and the urgency of the situation. How you deal with the specifics of the fight will depend on your mindset, experience, training, and skill level.

When it comes to training and skill level, I believe that we should strive to be as well-rounded and versatile as possible, to understand the fight continuum thoroughly and to cover as many bases as possible within that continuum. There needs to be a priority set on “the most likely situations.” But training should not stop there. We have already discussed the reactionary concept in great lengths. The next concept that we are going to look at is the movement concept. Necessary movement is all about the perfect balance of “to hit and to not be hit.” The higher the chances are of being hit, the more you should move. On the other hand, the lower the chances are of being hit, the less you should move. I have broken the skill sets into five categories.IMG_1113

Stand and Deliver is the entry-level skill set, this is where you nail down your fundamentals. You should have “stand and deliver” skills down cold to truly excel in the skill sets that follow. This form of movement works very well inside of the proactive gun fight and  from the dominant position. Stand and deliver can also be a very advanced tactic, employed by truly exceptional men. Many very good men have made it home after some very tough nights using a stand and deliver skill set…. a few of them I know personally. One should not discount this skill set when it is used within the correct context of the fight. Knowing exactly who you are within that context of the fight may allow for you to accomplish things that are simply not possibly for the majority of people who carry guns on a daily basis. There is no doubt about the importance of “stand and deliver” skills. I have spent thousands and thousands of hours on this skill with hundreds of thousands of draw strokes. If I chose this solution to the problem, that skill will be there. If you are in ahead in the reactionary curve inside of a fight, focus on your marksmanship and dominate the fight with well paced shots with solid ballistic effect. Movement degrades accuracy ,only move when the perfect balance “to hit and to not be hit” dictates that you move.


Controlled movement is an intermediate skill set, which would include many of the skill sets that are commonly taught inside of the Modern Techniques. They include “just walk,” “the side step,” (crab walk) and “the Groucho” (duck walk.) Controlled movement has it place when the urgency is not very high and the proximity/distance requires more precise shooting (sighted fire.) Controlled movement is designed to allow for the use of the sights, everything is smoothed out as much as possible in order to be able to achieve a sight picture. This smoothing out process leads to a very slow form of movement and these slow speeds need to be accepted for what they are. Inside “the balance, to hit and not be hit” controlled movement priority is more toward making the hit. The ability for an adversary to track you and put hits on you does not require a high skill level. It is my opinion that controlled movement is best when used outside of seven yards or when the difficulty of the shot requires some form of precision.

The “just walk” concept is an entry-level movement concept in my opinion. While it does work well marksmanship wise, the speed potential is extremely lacking. Due to the upright nature of the movement, there is very little “smoothing out” potential, so the ability to use the sights is very much dictated by the slow pace of the movement. I have real concerns about this upright nature. It does not take into consideration the physiological effects of incoming rounds and the body’s natural desire to make itself a smaller target.

The “side step” is a decent form of movement that is designed for specific situations. The number one situation would be geared towards the use of a ballistic vest. By staying squared up to the adversary, one is able to get the ballistic plate in the front of your body. The second situation is for the use of a stable two-handed shooting platform. We must accept the fact that many people have very limited skill sets. They only know how to shoot in this single manner. It is my opinion, that without the use of a ballistic vest, the side step is a “lowest common denominator” type of movement.

The “Groucho” is a very high quality form of controlled movement. The application of the lowered base, the bent knees, the rolling off of the heel/toe, in conjunction with the turret of the tank concept leads to a very nice skill set that dove tails perfectly with the dynamic movement concepts. It puts to use the exact same concepts, with the ability to give outstanding precision. This type of movement has your upper body working independent from your lower body, “like a turret of a tank.” Toes point the direction you are headed, body turreted the direction that you are shooting. This type of movement brings your ambidextrous skills into play. Shooting to the firing side can be done two-handed to a certain point, eventually you need to go one-handed. The possible speed out of this type movement can cover the full spectrum, but the faster you move the less ability you are going to have getting to your sights. This form of movement also works perfectly with the physiological desire to make yourself a smaller target when you are taking incoming rounds.

ARG Feb 26-27_2011 054

Move/stop/shoot/move is another form of movement that can be use outside of seven yards and when cover is not readily available. I see this as low priority skill set, but one that can be employed effectively if used in conjunction within “the rifleman rule of three” (I’m up, he sees me, I’m down.) This skill set is often advocated by those that simply do not own “point shooting with dynamic movement” skill sets. Since they are limited in their knowledge base and skill level, this is the very best that they can do. If you find yourself to be a limited to a squared up, two-handed shooting platform, this may be one of your limited options. If this applies to you, I would highly recommend that you seek out some form of training that releases you from the confines of that tight little box. This form of movement does not do well inside of a reactive gunfight inside of seven yards.

Dynamic movement is a high quality and high priority movement skill set. This is where you will most likely find yourself when you are behind in the reactionary curve, the proximity is close and the urgency is high. This type of movement really works well when you are behind in the reactionary curve, in conjunction with your point shooting skill sets. The use of high level point shooting skills takes this skill set well beyond what has been considered possible in the recent past. The body mechanics of this form of movement is nearly identical to the Groucho, the combat crouch, the PekitiARG Feb 26-27_2011 026  take off, and huge number of extremely athletic base movement principles. The lowered base, the bent knees, the rolling heel/toe, and the toes pointed the direction that you are headed, in conjunction with an extremely fast turn over takes the dynamic movement skill set to an extremely advanced level. Since 2001, the advancement of this skill set has been one of my primary focuses. My student base now, makes what most people believe to be impossible, seem ordinary.

“Get the heck out of Dodge” movement is simply sprinting to cover without engaging until you are behind cover. This has its place, especially inside military applications where distances are usually greater and long guns are the primary weapons. Its use by a civilian defender is becoming less and less desirable due to the huge advancements in the art inside of the dynamic movement skill, sets since 2001. If cover is a couple of yards away… all means get to it! But do not die trying to get to something that is just too far away, without making your adversary consider their own mortality.

On Being “Inclusive” Chapter 8

By Roger Phillips, Owner and Operator of Fight Focused Concepts

It is impossible to look at one aspect of the fight without looking at the intertwined skill sets that make up an effective and efficient response to a lifeIMG_9079 threatening encounter. The specifics of these life threatening encounters can loosely be described as the situation. The situational elements have been pretty well laid down in the past. They are as follows;

Who Are You?

The single most important factor inside of the “situation” equation is YOU! This is the one known variable. This is the one variable that you have complete control of. This is the one variable that has (or should have) received the most thought and preparation.

What is your mission? What is your strategy? What is your mindset? Who are you to your very core (genetically?) How much experience do you have100_3542 in violent confrontations? What is your training level? What is your skill level? How old are you? How big or strong are you? What level is your athleticism? What are your strengths and weaknesses? These are all questions that we need to ask ourselves and answer truthfully, without ego. These are the questions that will give you the answer to the most important questions of self defense…..”What do I really need?”

Position in the Reactionary Curve

This position is all dictated by who has the initiative and to what extent do they have the initiative. You can be proactive, you can have equal initiative, you can be reactive where you are behind in the reactionary curve, you can be way behind in the reactionary curve, and everything in between. The average time that it takes for someone to react is around .25 of a second. If you are in a truly reactionary mode .25 of a second is really the very best that you can hope for. A quarter second is an eternity in a gun fight. Your position in the reactionary curve has a huge effect on your options during movement, draw stroke, aiming, and grip/trigger.

Criminals are not always stupid. They usually want what they want and they want it in the easiest manner as possible. They cheat! They lie, deceive,100_3639 distract, and wait for the perfect opportunity to attack, in order to gain the initiative. They understand initiative and use it to dominate the encounter so they can get what they want as easily as possible. We must understand that we will most likely be behind in the reactionary curve……..because if we are not (due to awareness)…..then we will most likely be deselected.


Distance is key, every aspect of fighting is dictated by distance. It does not matter if it is H2H, knives, guns, artillery, etc, etc distance considerations dictate the best strategy, tactic, and technique. Distance equals time! In a gunfight, distance will dictate whether you have to go “hands on” first, whether you have to concern yourself with retention so that you do not hand your adversary your gun, whether you can go to full extension, or whether you just “Get the heck out of Dodge.” Distance also has a huge effect on your options during movement, draw stroke, aiming, and grip/trigger.

Criminals use the distance to dominate the encounter. They get in close, because they understand that distance equals time also. The less distance, the less time, the more likely that they will get compliance from the victim.

The Threat

This one factor can be the most difficult to ascertain. Correct threat identification is not a “cut and dry” proposition. What appears to be the threat may only be a portion of the actual threat. More and more, bad guys travel and work in packs. It is a very common tactic for the bad guys to have accomplices that are not initially seen. Keep this in mind and do not allow yourself to tunnel vision in on one aspect of the fight. Take care of the primary threat with the knowledge that there is most likely a second or third threat. Once the primary threat is taken out of the fight, immediately turn your focus to the probability/possibility of additional threats.

Situations dictate strategy, strategy dictate tactics, and tactics dictate techniques.

6874balance_scaleAs we look at these realities, it is plain to see that the focus on the “proactive” gunfight in the past 50+ years was an “exclusive” approach to training. It excluded the fact that we are all different and that we bring different strengths/weaknesses to the table. It excluded the fact that our mission or strategy was very different from that of law enforcement or military application. It worked under the myth that awareness, along with stand and deliver sighted fire was all that you would ever need. It worked under the myth that the threat would be obvious and easily handled without any concern with “The Balance, to hit and not be hit.”

By being inclusive and understanding that situation is the dictating factor, we can pick and choose the very best strategy, tactics, and techniques for the specific situation. By owning skill sets, that make up fluid concepts, that cover the a more complete fight continuum we are in a much better position to fight the fight… matter what it is. Learn the fluid concepts, work the fluid concepts with the correct context of the fight in mind, and ingrain the fluid concepts through mental imagery of the situation. When you need the best solution to a specific situation, the response will be there at the subconscious level.

Be inclusive! Understand that everything has its place inside of the fight continuum. Work it all while taking common sense into consideration and prioritize your training to “the most likely” situations. When the pressure is really on, the most logical response will be happening before your conscious mind has even had the chance to have gotten into the fight.

A quarter second is all the time in the world, if it is your final quarter second. Put in the work to be the very best you can be inside of that quarter second. This goal can not be reached without being inclusive and without putting in the work.

The Balance: “To Hit and To Not Be Hit!” Chapter 7

By Roger Phillips, Owner of Fight Focused Concepts

Since 2001, there has been some very nice work done in the arena of the “reactive” gunfight. This had largely been a forgotten/missing piece of the puzzle. As we have worked on bringing this piece of the puzzle back to the forefront, many exciting, effective, and efficient methods have been discovered, or more aptly rediscovered. These less well know methods have caught many people’s attention and the study of the reactive gunfight has taken on a growth at an exponential rate. The excitement at this growth and the wealth of knowledge that has come out of it has led to some of the very best training courses that the private sector has ever offered. These courses have raised the reactive gun fighting skill sets to a status that will never allow for them to be forgotten again. With such great success and focus, the reactive gunfight skill sets have taken a very predominant role inside of the training industry. The amount of change that I have witnessed since 2001 is simply astounding.

As soon as we became comfortable with our new-found training philosophy, Murphy reared his ugly head. With the recent cases of mall shooting and church shooting, along with the threat to see even more of this type of attacks, it has become very clear that there needs to be a seamless integrationIMG_9059 between the proactive gunfight and the reactive gunfight. The focus can not just be on typical combat distance. They must include all distances, with priorities made to “the most likely.” Now, great strides are being made to seamlessly integrate the proactive gun fight with the reactive gun fight.

“Gun fighting is a thinking man’s game.” Responses to specific situations have to be firmly grounded in common sense and logic. This is what strategy, tactics, and mindset is all about.

As we look at the fight continuum, we need to understand that the “fight or flight” response is a continuum also. It is not “either/or,” it is about varying degrees of the combination of “fight or flight” to come up with the best solution to the problem. This is all about offense and defense and the varying degrees of the usage of offense and defense.

There is no doubt, that in the right place the old saying “the best defense is a good offense” is the very best solution for the problem. This is usually from an extreme dominant position or one where extreme domination of the action is the best solution, tactically and mindset wise, physically and psychologically.

The ultimate goal is to win. If winning is best achieved by taking the adversary out of the fight as quickly and ruthlessly as possible…..then just do it.IMG_9282 This is where “The Balance” swings to the offensive minded “to hit” response as the priority response that will end the fight, with you as the victor.

There are also times where the offensive minded “to hit” takes on an equal importance to the defensive minded “to not be hit.” Once again, this is probably from a dominant position or one where dominating the action is the best solution tactically or mindset wise, physically or psychologically. The biggest difference comes down to the extent of initiative that the confrontation started out with and the distances involved. Since it is not an “extremely dominant” situation “to not be hit” has to enter into the equation.

Unfortunately, there are times where we must think defensive first. “Too not be hit” takes on the predominant role, due to the fact that you must survive the initial contact before you can even get into the fight. This is where all of the recent hard work has paid off. Without nailing down the reactive gunfight there simply could not be a seamless integration of the proactive – equal initiative – reactive continuum.

FOF April 16-17, 2011 LV 065We now have everything in place. We just need to put it in its proper place. There is a definite balance between the “To hit and not be hit” concept that allows for us to have the very best solution to every situation possible.

The Fight Continuum: “The fight will be what the fight will be”

“Situations dictate strategy, strategies dictate tactics, and tactics dictate techniques.”

We must have the techniques down to cover all of the possibilities. These techniques become fluid concepts inside of the continuum’s. We must be able to access these fluid concepts, within the correct context of the fight, at the subconscious level. We must be able to apply the concepts, within the balance “to hit and to not be hit” to solve the problem by the most effective and efficient means as possible. From one inch to two hundred yards, from a dominant position, to being way behind in the reactionary curve, and everything in between. We must understand and train with visualization in “The Balance”.